This weekend, I am running my first half marathon in two years, and I’m running it for Team World Vision. World Vision does a lot of things related to poverty, and Team World Vision focuses on bringing clean water to the developing world. So in honor of this Sunday’s race, here are 5 quick facts about clean water, from water.org.
1. More than 3.4 million people die each year from water, sanitation, and hygiene-related causes. Nearly all deaths, 99 percent, occur in the developing world.
2. Surveys from 45 developing countries show that women and children bear the primary responsibility for water collection in the vast majority (76%) of households. In just one day, it is estimated that more than 152 million hours of women and girls’ time is consumed for the most basic of human needs — collecting water for domestic use.
3. Diarrhea is the second leading cause of death among children under five in the world. It kills more children than malaria, AIDS, and measles combined.
4. Investment in safe drinking water and sanitation contributes to economic growth. For each $1 invested, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates returns of $3 – $34, depending on the region and technology.
5. People living in informal settlements (i.e. slums) often pay 5-10 times more per liter of water than wealthy people living in the same city.